Five-year project titled ‘Capacity building for the development of sustainable agriculture through community based management of the natural resources in Tanzania’ came into effect October 1, 1995 and was funded to the tune of US $ 2.7 millions. The thrust of this phase of the project fell within the USAID mission (Tanzania) Strategic Objective No. 1 – ‘Strengthen Natural Resources Management Capacity’. SUA –TU II aimed at strengthening the linkages established between SUA and TU and, through partnership with USAID Tanzania,builds the groundwork for natural resource management at the rural community level in Tanzania.
The targets for SUA-TU II were rural communities within Morogoro region. Choice of specific communities within Morogoro region resulted from findings of baseline survey in all districts of Morogoro region. The survey results were presented and discussed in a stakeholders’ meeting which brought together; the local leadership at regional, district, division, ward and villagers levels as well as staff from SUA and TU. Eventually, 17 villages were identified from Morogoro rural, Kilosa and Kilombero districts.
Organization of project implementation
The SUA –TU management constituted multi-disciplinary professional field teams, referred to as ‘dedicated teams’ to work with rural communities in the target villages. The dedicated teams drew members from all faculties and institutes within SUA and co –opted relevant extension workers at district and village levels. SUA –TU Phase III: July 2001 –September 2002.>
This phase of the project had two main objectives:
* Improve conservation of bio –diversity through promotion of community –based natural resource management, and
* Improve the viability of micro –enterprises and increase their number and contributions to the private sector of the Tanzanian economy.
These objectives were designed to link USAID strategic objective (SO) two, abbreviated as SO2 (which became SO8 –improved conservation of coastal resource and wildlife in targeted areas), and SO4 (which became SO9 –increased micro and small enterprise participation in the economy) The success in achieving these objectives depended on coordination of natural resource management initiatives at the community level with the development of small and micro –enterprises (SaME). The aim was to combine the development of Small and Micro Enterprises (SaME) while promoting sustainable utilization of natural resources through community –based efforts at managing natural resources and conserving bio-diversity. Guiding principle: Community mobilization and program integration/coordination for the conservation of the bio –diversity while assisting individuals and households to create SaME and/or improve the viability of existing SaME. Project theme: The theme of the project was effective use of technical support for the development/improvement of small and micro enterprises with sustainable use of natural resources for the conservation of bio –diversity.
For the first time, SUA –TU project activities were extended beyond the boarders of Morogoro region.
In this phase, the geographic areas of focus were some parts of the Iringa region, Ugalla Game Reserve in Tabora region, and to a lesser extent, the Tarangile Lake Manyara Complex in Arusha region and Morogoro Region. As it was in the past, the specific target communities and activities undertaken were determined in a participatory manner after conducting a baseline Target areas.
SUA –TU Operation in areas outside Morogoro region
With the greater part of the focus areas located outside Morogoro, the project management office needed closer assistance on the ground.
The project stationed a field assistant at each of the three sites outside of Tabora, Iringa and Arusha to monitor day-to-day activities in line with the project objectives and theme.
The SUA and TU staff continued to play their central role as technical experts while working in close collaboration with the local staff, government agencies, non governmental organizations (NGOs), and community based organizations (CBOs) and any other such entity with similar motivation.
The outputs achieved from the project were:
* Capacity in community based natural resources management strengthened;
* Use of sustainable agriculture production and marketing practices increased to enhance transformation of agriculture from sustainable to economically viable undertaking;
* Micro and small enterprises, especially those based on use of natural resources strengthened;>
* Stakeholders awareness of SaME and NRM policies and their implications increased; and
* SUA –TU Linkage Project capacity for managing economic development projects strengthened.
* Formation of farmer groups with interest in undertaking activities based on utilization of natural resources
* Training in entrepreneurship, natural resource management and environmental management
* Preparation of source books
* Initial exploration of potential markets to facilitate connection with producers in the target villages
* Improved aquaculture practices, fish handling and processing
* Improved beekeeping practices, honey processing and packaging
* Improved crop and livestock production
* Fruit processing
* rocessing of hides and skins and leather craft
* Pottery and ceramics.